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REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT STRATEGIES

There are several different types of commercial real estate investment strategies, each with its own unique approach, risk profile, and potential for returns. Some of the common types of real estate investment strategies that AGM practices include:



CORE

A core real estate strategy refers to an investment approach that focuses on acquiring and holding income-generating properties for the long term, typically with the objective of generating stable and predictable cash flow and capital appreciation. Core real estate investments are considered relatively low-risk compared to other real estate investment strategies, as they typically involve well-located, high-quality properties in prime markets with established demand and stable occupancy rates.

The key characteristics of a core real estate strategy include:


Long Term Investment Horizon

Core real estate investments are typically held for a long time horizon, ranging from 5 to 15 years or more, as they are intended to provide steady income and capital appreciation over the long term.


Income Focused

Core real estate investments are primarily focused on generating income through stable and predictable cash flows from rental income, with a lesser emphasis on short-term capital gains.


Low to Moderate Risk

Core real estate investments are generally considered lower risk compared to other real estate strategies, as they typically involve well-located, high-quality properties with established demand, stable occupancy rates, and lower levels of leverage.


Diversification

Core real estate strategies may involve diversification across different property types, such as office, retail, industrial, and residential, as well as across geographic regions or markets to spread risk and enhance portfolio stability.


Conservative Leverage

Core real estate strategies often involve moderate levels of leverage, typically below 50% loan-to-value (LTV) ratios, to minimize the risk of default and reduce the impact of interest rate fluctuations.


Lower Potential for High Returns

Core real estate investments are generally not expected to generate high short-term returns compared to more aggressive real estate strategies, but they are often favored by investors seeking stable and predictable cash flows with relatively lower risk.

Asset | Property Management Focus

Core real estate investments may prioritize effective property management to maintain high occupancy rates, retain quality tenants, and enhance property value over time.


Overall, a core real estate strategy is geared towards long-term, stable income generation and capital appreciation through conservative and relatively low-risk investments in well-located properties with established demand and stable occupancy rates.




VALUE ADD

A value-add real estate strategy refers to an investment approach that involves acquiring properties with the intention of making improvements or changes to enhance their value, and then selling or refinancing the properties to realize a higher return on investment (ROI). Value-add real estate investments typically involve properties that may be underperforming, mismanaged, or in need of upgrades or repositioning, with the goal of increasing their cash flow and/or appreciation potential.

The key characteristics of a value-add real estate strategy include:


Underperforming Properties

Value-add real estate investments often involve acquiring properties that are currently underperforming in terms of occupancy rates, rental rates, or overall financial performance. These properties may have operational inefficiencies, deferred maintenance, or other issues that present opportunities for improvement.


Active Management & Value Creation

Value-add real estate strategies typically involve active management and hands-on approach to implement value-enhancing strategies, such as property renovations, repositioning, lease-up efforts, cost reduction initiatives, or other operational improvements to increase cash flow and property value.


Higher Risk and Return Potential

Value-add real estate investments are considered higher risk compared to core real estate strategies, as they may involve more uncertainty, higher capital expenditure requirements, and potential operational challenges. However, they also offer higher return potential, as successful value creation efforts can result in increased property value and higher ROI upon disposition or refinancing.


Medium-Term Investment Horizon

Value-add real estate investments typically have a medium-term investment horizon, ranging from 3 to 7 years or more, as they require time for implementing value-enhancing strategies and realizing the full potential of the property.


Moderate to Higher Leverage

Value-add real estate strategies may involve moderate to higher levels of leverage, depending on the specific investment and business plan, to finance property acquisitions, renovations, and other value-add initiatives.


Market Timing & Expertise

Value-add real estate strategies require a thorough understanding of local real estate markets, as well as expertise in property management, construction, and other relevant areas, to effectively identify and execute value-enhancing opportunities.


Exit Strategies

Value-add real estate investments are typically pursued with the intention of selling or refinancing the property to realize a higher return on investment once the value-enhancing strategies are implemented and the property is stabilized.


In summary, a value-add real estate strategy involves acquiring underperforming properties, actively managing and implementing value-enhancing strategies, and aiming for higher returns through property improvements and appreciation, while also carrying higher risks compared to core real estate strategies.



OPPORTUNISTIC

An opportunistic real estate investment strategy refers to a high-risk, high-reward approach that involves taking advantage of unique or specific market opportunities to generate substantial returns. Opportunistic real estate investments typically involve higher levels of risk and require active management and specialized expertise to capitalize on market inefficiencies, distressed assets, or other unique situations.

The key characteristics of an opportunistic real estate investment strategy include:


High Risk, High Reward

Opportunistic real estate investments are considered high-risk, as they often involve higher levels of uncertainty and market volatility. However, they also offer the potential for higher returns compared to core or value-add real estate strategies, as they seek to capitalize on unique opportunities that may result in substantial appreciation or other value creation.


Market Inefficiencies | Distressed Assets

Opportunistic real estate investments may target distressed properties, properties in financial distress, or assets in markets that are currently experiencing inefficiencies or dislocations, such as during economic downturns, market disruptions, or other special situations. These investments require a keen understanding of market dynamics and the ability to identify and exploit opportunities that may not be readily available to other investors.


Active Management & Value Creation

Opportunistic real estate strategies typically require active management and hands-on approach to execute complex business plans, such as property repositioning, development, or other value creation strategies. This may involve significant capital expenditures, operational improvements, or other value-enhancing initiatives to maximize returns.


Higher Leverage

Opportunistic real estate investments may involve higher levels of leverage, depending on the specific investment and risk profile. This can amplify both potential returns and risks, as increased leverage can result in higher interest expenses and increased risk of default.


Shorter Investment Horizon

Opportunistic real estate investments often have a shorter investment horizon compared to core or value-add strategies, as they may require swift execution of the business plan to capture the targeted returns within a relatively short timeframe, typically ranging from 1 to 5 years.


Specialized Expertise

Opportunistic real estate investments often require specialized expertise, including deep market knowledge, financial acumen, and risk management skills, as well as experience in dealing with unique or complex real estate opportunities.


Exit Strategies

Opportunistic real estate investments are typically pursued with the intention of selling or exiting the investment once the value creation strategies are implemented and the targeted returns are achieved, often through property sales, recapitalizations, or other exit strategies.


In summary, an opportunistic real estate investment strategy involves taking advantage of unique or specific market opportunities that may involve higher risks, requiring active management, specialized expertise, and shorter investment horizons, with the potential for higher returns compared to other real estate investment strategies.


For more information on commercial real estate strategy or investment opportunity in the Pacific Northwest please contact AGM Real Estate.


AGM REAL ESTATE

Troy Gessel

Principal

C: 425.301.4422

E: troy@agmrealestate.com


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